Dans le foisonnement de l’absurde, que reste-t-il pour le sens ? Par Jean-Yves Jézéquel

Le petit nombre des élites « égocentrées », l’oligarchie à la commande des Etats transformés en Pouvoirs se légitiment de théocratie. L’Eglise suprême de la religion de marché, la caste de ses grands prêtres définissent les hérésies et les hérétiques. Les bataillons médiatiques au service du dogme sectaire du capitalisme ultra libéral et toute l’armada du système répressif, contrôlent la vie des peuples, les obligeant même à se taire par un « management de la terreur » mené de mains de maîtres. La dictature autoritariste d’un Empire technocrate, prenant toutes les décisions à huis-clos, sans jamais se référer à l’avis des intéressés, règne sans partage sur 80% de l’humanité. Dans cette dictature de l’arbitraire absolu, seule la loi du profit constitue le credo exclusif de la caste des prédateurs du système…

Dans le monde de la « journalistiquerie », il y a assez de naïfs arrogants pour bêler en chœur le discours « officiel » sans le moindre esprit critique, sans le moindre recul et sans la moindre autonomie de réflexion sur la nature falsifiée de la vision néo conservatrice et ultra libérale de cette caste méprisant le reste des hommes avec la condescendance des sots !

Les lobbies quant à eux sont au paradis. Les grandes sociétés multinationales richissimes, font et défont à leur fantaisie, l’existence exsangue des populations traînées dans le malheur pour le bonheur de leurs maîtres du CAC40 ou du dow Jones (DJIA : Dow Jones Industrial Average)… Ce qui reste des Etats est à leurs ordres. Les épaves de ce monde dégénéré exécutent leur tâche avec zèle et empressement au service inconditionnel des grandes sociétés flibustières qui pillent allègrement un monde transformé en ruines…

L’exploitation, les abus de toute nature infligés aux gens humbles, l’esclavage moderne, la maltraitance de plus de 200 millions d’enfants contraints au travail à bas coût et dans des conditions abominables pour le seul profit de la caste des nouveaux esclavagistes sont la règle la plus répandue sur toute la Planète. L’organisation acharnée de l’arnaque, du pillage, de la surveillance à outrance, des principes de la soumission et de la domination par la destruction des récalcitrants (massacres planifiés comme en Syrie) est le seul programme qui vaille pour les tyrans martyrisant sans états d’âme les peuples dépouillés de tout ! La planification du chaos, de l’atomisation des populations, du démantèlement des Etats Nations, tout cela est devenu la surenchère fébrile de la mondialisation désireuse de bâillonner les revendications des travailleurs et des peuples qui se sont battus pendant des siècles pour acquérir chèrement leur liberté devenue un obstacle majeur à la loi sacro-sainte du profit!

Modern-Space-90x60cm-Acrylics-on-Board-2013

Aujourd’hui, nous assistons à la proclamation décomplexée d’une volonté oligarchique d’imposer son dictat à l’ensemble des nations, en leur annonçant que la démocratie n’est plus un sujet d’actualité, que l’avis des peuples ne l’intéresse pas, que l’état d’urgence doit se prolonger à perpétuité, que l’Etat policier sera désormais la nouvelle forme d’autoritarisme à promouvoir dans tous les pays, que le travail sans limite sera la nouvelle condition de vie habituelle des personnes et que tous les avantages sur l’éducation, la santé, les aides sociales, la qualité de vie, les loisirs, la culture, le logement seront désormais limités, voire supprimés…

Le dogme de « l’austérité » se justifie de « crise » dont les seuls auteurs sont ceux-là même qui abusent encore plus que jamais des pays traînés dans la violence de ce massacre volontaire et sans pitié ! Ces criminels en cols blancs n’hésitent même pas à conspuer les pauvres, à les accuser, à « moraliser » les peuples en les traitant de « tire au flanc », d’être les obstacles de la bonne marche économique du monde selon leurs courtes vues!

Les nations encore souveraines et façonnées par leurs peuples sont désappropriées de leurs leaders par des jeux de passe-passe juridiques, sans qu’elles puissent rien faire ni rien dire, comme cela a été le cas spectaculaire du Brésil avec Dilma Roussef qui a été ainsi chassée de sa fonction par une pratique de l’arbitraire absolu se réclamant du Droit… Là, la perversion a atteint un point délirant totalement odieux, car les salauds, comme ce Michel Temer, qui ont ainsi pris le Pouvoir sans l’avis de personne, avec la complicité de Standard & Poor’s et autres agences de notations, ces larrons en foire, se sont dépêchés ensuite de piller, de dépouiller, de saccager les richesses de ce grand pays pour le seul profit des ordures qui se sont emparés du monde. Partout sur Terre sont ainsi martyrisés 80% de l’humanité à travers un tel comportement ne se souciant guère de la loi de mort qu’il répand, comme la peste, sur tout ce qui est vivant…

Ce qui est hautement d’actualité, c’est la régression mentale de l’humanité, la malhonnêteté intellectuelle des « élites », le retour, tambours battant, aux archaïsmes des obscurantismes farouches, favorables au dressage à l’amour de la soumission présenté quant à lui, comme une « vertu » récompensée par les médailles du « mérite » chez tous ceux qui donnent la préférence aux désirs compulsifs régnant tyranniquement sur des individus dépossédées de tout idéal ! Les humanistes subissent quotidiennement les injures implicites et explicites, parce que les profits exorbitants concentrés dans les mains des 20% de l’humanité, ne sont pas encore assez exorbitants ! Les pauvres de plus en plus pauvres ne sont pas encore assez pauvres…

D’ailleurs la guerre est carrément planifiée elle aussi, pour se débarrasser de tous ces contingents de pauvres qui ne veulent pas jouer le jeu du profit exorbitant au service exclusif d’un petit nombre de prédateurs du cannibalisme social.

Les massacres à grande échelle sont programmés. Les puissants au pouvoir veulent « nettoyer » la Planète d’un bon tiers de l’humanité jugé inutile, improductif, coûteux, véritable obstacle au débridement du profit pour le profit !

Par dessus tout cela, la Terre est limitée dans ses moyens et nous devenons trop nombreux : donc, « il faut faire disparaître tous ceux qui ne font pas partie des privilégiés du système prédateur » qui a été mis en place par les artisans zélés du productivisme…

D’ailleurs des milliardaires se réunissent activement depuis un certain temps, pour fabriquer des engins capables d’aller coloniser les autres planètes viables du système solaire, en se dépêchant d’être les premiers à y mettre les pieds afin de devenir déjà les maîtres incontestables et incontestés de ces immenses richesses qui sont là en attente de leur voracité! L’argent (le chiffre) est leur seul dieu, le profit leur seule préoccupation, le capitalisme ultra libéral leur seule idéologie sectaire, le principe de la domination et de la destruction leur seule religion… C’est bien là le triomphe du monde de la bête et donc l’annonce implicite de l’Apocalypse, c’est-à-dire de sa chute mortelle finale par son auto destruction !

C2m3Ik6UcAAk4VZ

La troisième guerre mondiale est préparée en effet, ouvertement, sans secret. Les provocations sont organisées avec insistance, les légions de l’Empire et le matériel de guerre sont accumulés en masse là où il faut provoquer la destruction en règle des trublions qui menacent la fête perpétuelle des profiteurs d’en haut…

Le mensonge fleurit à foison, la manipulation est débridée, la malveillance bat son plein, les « Fake news » prolifèrent, la corruption explose dans le milieu exclusif des « élites », le peuple des modestes est sidéré tout en se voyant interdit de parole. Le culot de la caste au service d’un tel système de domination est sans borne.

Ce foisonnement du pervers en devient absurde et chacun est obligé de se poser la question du sens ; sens de l’existence dans ces conditions ; sens de la vie ; sens de ce que nous faisons sur Terre ici et maintenant ? Pourquoi vivre si c’est pour exister dans de telles conditions : celles de l’absurde ?

L’absurde gigantesque de la situation qui est celle de l’humanité actuelle l’est d’autant plus que les prédateurs eux-mêmes sont dans une totale équivoque sur les exigences de leur prétention elle-même. En agissant comme ils le font, ils sont incapables de voir à quel point ils desservent leur propre « cause », précipitant même leur fin dans un chaos innommable qu’ils pensaient ne réserver qu’aux « autres », à ce tiers de l’humanité qu’ils jugeaient improductif et inutile pour leur profit et leur béatitude de parfaits crétins!

Ils avaient oublié qu’ils faisaient, eux aussi, entièrement partie de la nature et que par la même occasion, s’ils s’attaquaient en réalité à la nature et à ses lois qui sont des lois immuables de complémentarité, ignorant que c’était à eux-mêmes qu’ils allaient s’en prendre sans le savoir et sans être capables de le prévoir !

Toute la logique de la vie, dès son apparition, s’articule autour d’une logique de mort. C’est un processus permanent de mort qui permet le processus permanent de vie. La vie ne peut exister que grâce à des processus de mort. C’est en acceptant son apoptose que la cellule donne vie à une nouvelle cellule maintenant ainsi l’homéostasie des organes d’un corps pour l’harmonie de l’ensemble. C’est par une logique de mort perpétuelle que se dessine la logique de vie perpétuelle. L’âme de la Nature a donc voulu que la vie soit intrinsèquement reliée à la nécessité permanente de s’en détacher ; elle a voulu que la vie ne soit possible qu’à la condition que chaque élément la composant, accepte de donner la sienne. La continuation de la vie est reliée intimement au don permanent de la vie qui est incarnée dans les êtres et les choses invités ainsi à se « sacrifier » en permanence pour permettre la vie en permanence…

Il n’y a pas de vie sans le don permanent de la vie par ceux qui la détiennent provisoirement, juste le temps qu’il faut pour être en mesure de la transmettre aux suivants. C’est une générosité infinie organisée comme telle qui explique le principe de la vie dans les conditions de la biosphère. Voilà pourquoi la loi de la complémentarité est la seule loi régissant ce monde créé par la Mère Nature.

cruc15

Le comportement de tous les prédateurs de l’humanité est à l’extrême opposé de cette loi naturelle ; il est le contraire de cette logique intrinsèque de la vie ; il est incompatible avec les lois intimes de la nature… C’est aussi pour cela qu’il ne peut pas durer dans le temps et poursuivre allègrement son chemin en se moquant éperdument de la souveraineté de la vie. Il y a une limite au-delà de laquelle il n’est plus possible de « survivre » à son égocentrisme. C’est pourquoi, d’ores et déjà, la sagesse dit haut et clair, que ce monde qui a atteint le degré ultime de la dégénérescence, est sur le point de sombrer dans l’abîme de l’anéantissement…

Les prédateurs dominants de l’humanité ne savent pas qu’ils sont, malgré eux, dans une logique imparable de mort assurée. C’est justement ce comportement injuste, d’abus, de domination, d’exploitation, de leur volonté de faire du profit dans la démesure, qui va assurer leur mort, du coup, prématurée!

Il n’y a pas meilleur comportement que celui des « élites » actuelles pour favoriser et précipiter leur chute, le déclin de la civilisation de la répression, sa disparition brutale dans le fracas d’un chaos réservant à l’humanité la même fin que celle des dinosaures.

L’ère de l’Anthropocène s’achève car l’homme décideur a choisi d’ignorer la règle d’harmonie avec les autres composantes de la biosphère. Il s’est considéré comme au-dessus et en dehors de la nature : faute fatale inspirée par la pathologie religieuse l’ayant conduit à haïr sa propre nature…

La vie a inventé la vie et non pas la survie. Faire de la vie une survie ne pouvait pas durer dans le temps. Aussi, le moment est venu de se retirer dans le silence et le recueillement avant de mourir en laissant la place libre au développement de nouvelles formes de vie devenues possibles.

S’émanciper des règles de la Nature, c’est s’exclure de la Nature. Notre heure a sonné par la faute de tous ceux qui se sont moqués des lois de la Nature! C’est la perversion de la religion qui a mis dans la tête des arriérés mentaux l’ayant promotionnée, l’idée aberrante que l’homme avait été créé pour « dominer la nature » et « régner sur elle » en Maître fait « à l’image et à la ressemblance d’un dieu » se disant lui-aussi autre, en dehors et au-dessus de la Nature ! (Cf., Livre de la Genèse) Le mensonge incommensurable de la religion a trompé l’homme, en long, en large et en travers, il l’a abusé depuis des millénaires. C’est la religion qui est la première responsable de notre chute et de notre disparition…

Au moment de la « fuite d’Egypte », le peuple juif célébrant sa « libération » avait tôt fait, alors qu’il était encore en chemin dans le désert, de transformer son monothéisme « révélé » en « culte du veau d’or », cet épisode qui en dit long ayant à son tour entraîné un massacre spectaculaire de plusieurs milliers de personnes ! La religion est une aberration qui rime avec crime parce qu’elle est une spectaculaire manifestation de l’arriération mentale de l’humanité.

Le sage ne peut avoir de connivence avec le religieux. La sagesse ne peut avoir de lien avec la religion. La sacralisation de la conscience, voilà la spiritualité naturelle intime de l’homme en harmonie avec les intentions éternelles de l’âme de la Nature.

Dans le foisonnement de l’absurde, voilà où est le sens, voilà où il demeure : dans la conscience de notre lien indéfectible avec l’âme de la Nature. Le sens de notre vie est dans ce dialogue avec elle nous reliant à elle et nous confondant avec elle. « Je suis dans le Tout et le Tout est en moi. Qui me voit, voit le Tout ». « Je suis sorti du Tout et je retourne au Tout ». (logion de l’évangile de Thomas, manuscrit de Nag Hammadi). « Je suis une partie du Tout et pourtant le Tout est tout entier dans la partie du Tout que je suis. Le Tout n’étant pas la somme des parties »! « Connais-toi toi-même et tu connaîtras l’Univers et les dieux », disait l’Oracle de Delphes.

Le sens, il est là : dans le passage d’une civilisation de la croyance à une civilisation de la conscience ! Ce sera vraisemblablement la suite logique des prochaines inventions de la vie dans les conditions de la biosphère, mais sans doute sans les hommes qui auront tout fait pour s’en exclure, eux qui ont commis la faute originelle fatidique d’une adhésion aveugle au mensonge de la psychopathologie coalitionnelle qu’est la religion.

 Jean-Yves Jézéquel

3 avril 2017

Anúncios

Bach – Christmas Oratorio [4-6] Harnoncourt

 

Johan Sebastian Bach
Christmas Oratorio BWV 248
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Concentus Musicus Wien
Peter Schreier – Tenor
Robert Holl – Bass
Soloists of the Tolzer Knabenchor
Chorusmaster: Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden
Second Part: Cantatas No 4 – 6

Johan Sebastian Bach Christmas Oratorio BWV 248

 

Publicado a 20/10/2013
Johan Sebastian Bach
Christmas Oratorio BWV 248
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Concentus Musicus Wien
Peter Schreier – Tenor
Robert Holl – Bass
Soloists of the Tolzer Knabenchor
Chorusmaster: Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden
Fisrt Part: Cantatas No 1 – 3

J. S. Bach: Cantate – Kantate – Cantata BWV 190 – Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied

 

 

Jour du Nouvel An (1er janvier) (Fête de la Circoncision du Christ)
Neujahr (1. Januar) (Fest der Beschneidung des Herrn)
New Year’s Day (January 1) (Feast of the Circumcision of Christ)

Première audition – Uraufführung – First perfomance
Leipzig – 01.01.1724

O Suicídio Europeu Face à Turquia – por Thierry Meyssan

 

 
A HISTÓRIA EM VIAS DE SE REPETIR

O suicídio Europeu face à Turquia

RESEAU VOLTAIRE. ORG
 
Ao assinar um acordo —diga-se de passagem, ilegal no Direito Internacional— com a Turquia para abrandar o afluxo de migrantes, os dirigentes da União Europeia envolveram-se um pouco mais num pacto com o diabo. Uma grande parte dos 3 mil milhões (bilhões-br) alocados a Ancara servirá para financiar o apoio aos jiadistas e, por conseguinte, a aumentar o número de migrantes que fogem à guerra. Acima de tudo, revogando, nos próximos meses, os vistos com a Turquia, os Europeus instituem a livre circulação entre os campos da Al-Qaida, na Turquia, e Bruxelas. Esmagando assim os povos iraquiano e sírio sob a opressão dos jiadistas, que eles financiam indirectamente, e abandonando o povo turco à ditadura do Presidente Erdoğan, preparam as bases de um vasto enfrentamento do qual virão a ser as vítimas.
 | DAMASCO (SÍRIA) | 22 DE MARÇO DE 2016 
+
JPEG - 40.6 kb
Aquando da conferência de imprensa de 18 Março de 2016, o presidente da União Europeia, Donald Tusk (um Polaco que defende os interesses da Alemanha), parecia tentar acalmar a fúria do presidente da Comissão, Jean-Claude Juncker (um Luxemburguês que defende os interesses dos E.U.A.). Para enorme satisfação de um Primeiro-ministro Turco, tranquilamente irónico, Ahmet Davutoğlu.
© União europeia
«A democracia é como um tramway, subimos para ir aonde queremos e aí chegados descemos»
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1996)
O Conselho Europeu de 17 e 18 de Março de 2016 adoptou um plano visando resolver o problema colocado pelo afluxo maciço de migrantes provindo da Turquia [1]. Os 28 chefes de Estado e de governo submeteram-se a todas as exigências de Ancara.
Nós havíamos já analisado a maneira pela qual os Estados Unidos entendiam utilizar os acontecimentos do Próximo-Oriente para enfraquecer a União Europeia [2]. No início da actual crise dos «refugiados», fomos os primeiros a observar simultaneamente que este evento tinha sido deliberadamente provocado, e os problemas insolúveis que ele ia colocar [3]. Infelizmente, todas as nossas análises acabaram provadas, e as nossas posições foram, depois, amplamente adoptadas pelos nossos detractores de então.
Indo mais longe, interessa-nos avaliar a maneira como a Turquia tomou conta do jogo e a cegueira da União Europeia, que persiste em estar um passo atrás.

O jogo de Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

O presidente Erdoğan não é um homem político como os outros. E, não parece que os Europeus, nem os povos, nem os seus dirigentes, tenham tomado plena consciência disso.
• Primeiro, ele veio da Millî Görüş, um movimento islâmico pan-turquista ligado aos Irmãos Muçulmanos do Egipto e defensor do restabelecimento do Califado [4]. Segundo ele —como, aliás, segundo os seus aliados do Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi (MHP)— os Turcos são os descendentes dos Hunos de Átila, eles próprios filhos do lobo das estepes da Ásia Central, do qual herdariam a resistência e a crueza. Formam uma raça superior chamada a governar o mundo. A sua alma é o Islão.
O presidente Erdoğan é o único chefe de Estado do mundo a reivindicar-se de uma ideologia supremacista étnica, perfeitamente comparável ao arianismo nazista. É, igualmente, o único chefe de Estado no mundo a negar os crimes da sua história, nomeadamente os massacres de não-muçulmanos pelo Sultão Abdulhamid II (os massacres hamidianos de 1894-1895: pelo menos 80. 000 Cristãos mortos e 100.000 Cristãs incorporadas à força nos haréns), depois pelos Jovens Turcos (genocídio dos Arménios, dos Assírios, dos Caldeus, dos Siríacos, dos Gregos pônticos e dos Yazidis de 1915 a 1923: pelo menos 1,2 milhões de mortos); um genocídio que foi executado com a ajuda de oficiais alemães, entre os quais Rudolf Höss, futuro director do campo de Auschwitz [5].
 
 
Ao celebrar o 70º aniversário da libertação do pesadelo nazista, o presidente Vladimir Putin sublinhou que «as ideias de supremacia racial e de exclusivismo provocaram a guerra mais sangrenta da História» [6]. Depois, aquando de uma marcha —e sem nomear a Turquia—, ele apelou a todos os Russos para estarem prontos a renovar o sacrifício dos seus avós, se necessário, afim de salvar o princípio da própria igualdade entre os homens.
• Em segundo lugar, o presidente Erdogan, que apenas tem o apoio de um terço da sua população, governa sozinho o país pela força. É impossível saber com precisão o que pensa o povo turco, uma vez que a publicação de qualquer informação pondo em causa a legitimidade do presidente Erdoğan é agora considerada como uma violação da segurança do Estado, e conduz imediatamente à prisão. No entanto, se nos referirmos aos mais recentes estudos publicados, em outubro de 2015, menos de um terço do eleitorado o apoia. O que é nitidamente menos que os nazistas em 1933, que dispunham, então, de 43% dos votos. Esta foi a razão pela qual o presidente Erdoğan só pode ganhar as eleições legislativas após uma grosseira falsificação.
Entre outras:
- Os média (mídia-br) da oposição foram amordaçados: os grandes jornais quotidianos Hürriyet e Sabah assim como a televisão ATV foram atacadas por homens de mão do partido no poder; foram lançadas investigações visando jornalistas e órgãos de imprensa acusados de apoiar o «terrorismo» ou de ter feito comentários difamatórios contra o Presidente Erdoğan; “sites” web foram bloqueados; prestadores de serviços digitais suprimiram do seu cartaz os canais de televisão da oposição; três dos cinco canais de televisão nacionais, entre os quais a emissora pública, foram nos seus programas claramente partidários do partido no poder; outros canais de televisão nacional, o Bugün TV e Kanalturk, foram fechadas pela polícia.
- Um estado estrangeiro, a Arábia Saudita, derramou £ 7 mil milhões (bilhões-br) de «donativos» para «convencer» os eleitores a apoiar o presidente Erdoğan (ou seja cerca de 2 mil milhões de euros).
- 128 sedes políticas do Partido de esquerda (HDP) foram atacadas por sicários do partido do presidente Erdoğan. Inúmeros candidatos e suas equipes foram espancados. Mais de 300 lojas curdas foram saqueadas. Dezenas de candidatos HDP foram presos e colocados em prisão preventiva durante a campanha.
- Mais de 2. 000 opositores foram mortos durante a campanha eleitoral, quer pelos ataques, quer por causa da repressão governamental visando o PKK. Várias aldeias do sudeste do país foram parcialmente destruídas por tanques do exército.
Desde a sua «eleição», uma cortina de chumbo desceu sobre o país. Tornou-se impossível alguém poder informar-se sobre o estado da Turquia através da sua imprensa nacional. O principal diário da oposição, Zaman, foi colocado sob tutela e limita-se agora a louvar a grandeza do «sultão» Erdoğan. A guerra civil, que lavra já no Leste do país, estende-se, com atentados em Ancara e até Istambul, perante a total indiferença dos Europeus [7].
Erdoğan governa quase só, rodeado por um grupo restrito, no qual se inclui o Primeiro-ministro Ahmet Davutoglu. Ele declarou publicamente, durante a campanha eleitoral, que não respeitava mais a Constituição e que, agora, todos os poderes lhe estavam entregues.
A 14 de março de 2016, o presidente Erdogan declarou que face aos Curdos: «A democracia, a liberdade e o estado de direito não têm mais o menor valor». Ele anunciou sua intenção de alargar a definição legal de «terroristas» para incluir todos os que são «inimigos dos Turcos» —quer dizer os Turcos e não-Turcos que se opõem ao seu supremacismo—.
Por metade de mil milhões de euros, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, fez construir para si próprio, o maior palácio jamais ocupado por um chefe de Estado na história mundial. O «palácio branco», em referência à cor do seu partido, o AKP. Ele estende-se por 200. 000 metros quadrados e compreende todo o tipo de serviços, entre os quais “bunkers” de segurança ultra-modernos ligados a satélites.
• Terceiro, o presidente Erdoğan utiliza os poderes que anti-constitucionalmente se atribuiu para transformar o Estado turco em padrinho do jiadismo internacional. Em Dezembro de 2015, a polícia e a Justiça turcas conseguiram estabelecer os laços pessoais de Erdoğan e do seu filho Bilal com Yasin al-Qadi, o banqueiro global da Al-Qaida. Ele despediu, pois, os policias e os magistrados que tinham ousado «pôr em causa os superiores interesses da Turquia» (sic), enquanto Yasin al-Qadi e o Estado colocavam um processo judicial ao quotidiano de esquerda BirGün por ter reproduzido o meu editorial, «Al-Qaida, eterna reserva da Otan».
Em Fevereiro último, a Federação da Rússia entregava um relatório de Inteligência ao Conselho de Segurança da ONU atestando o apoio do Estado turco ao jiadismo internacional, em violação de inúmeras resoluções [8]. Eu publiquei um estudo aprofundado sobre estas acusações, imediatamente censurado na Turquia [9].

A resposta da União Europeia

A União Europeia tinha enviado uma delegação para vigiar as eleições legislativas em novembro de 2015. Ela adiou longamente a publicação do seu relatório, depois resolveu-se a publicar sobre isso uma curta versão, adocicada.
Em pânico pelas respostas das suas populações reagindo duramente à entrada maciça de migrantes —e, para os Alemães, à abolição do salário mínimo que daí resultou—, os 28 Chefes de Estado e de Governo da União finalizaram com a Turquia um procedimento para que ela resolva os seus problemas. O Alto Comissário das Nações Unidas para os Refugiados, Filippo Grandi, declarou, de imediato, que a solução escolhida viola o direito internacional, mas, mesmo supondo, a propósito, que as coisas possam ser melhoradas, nem é este o principal problema.
A União comprometeu-se a
- pagar 3 mil milhões de Euros anuais à Turquia para a ajudar a fazer face às suas obrigações, mas sem qualquer mecanismo de verificação da utilização destes fundos;
- pôr fim aos vistos exigidos aos Turcos para entrar na União [10] —o deve ser feito em alguns meses, ou até semanas— ;
- acelerar as negociações de adesão da Turquia à União —o que, pelo contrário, será muito mais demorado e aleatório—.
Por outras palavras, cegos pela recente derrota eleitoral de Angela Merkel [11], os dirigentes Europeus contentaram-se em encontrar uma solução provisória para abrandar o fluxo dos migrantes, sem procurar resolver a origem do problema e sem ter em conta a infiltração de jiadistas neste fluxo.
JPEG - 48 kb
Que fizemos?
© União europeia

O precedente de Munique 

Nos anos 30, as elites europeias e norte-americanas consideravam que a URSS, devido ao seu modelo, ameaçava os seus interesses de classe. Eles apoiavam pois, colectivamente, o projecto nazi de colonização da Europa Oriental e de destruição dos povos eslavos. Apesar dos repetidos apelos de Moscovo para a criação de uma vasta aliança contra o nazismo, os dirigentes europeus aceitaram todas as reivindicações do chanceler Hitler, incluindo a anexação das regiões povoadas pelos Sudetas. Foi o Acordo de Munique (1938), conduzindo a URSS a adoptar o salve-se quem puder e a concluir o Pacto germano-soviético—1939—(Molotov-Ribbentrop- ndT). Só muito tardiamente é que certos dirigentes europeus, depois norte-americanos, perceberam o erro e decidiram aliar-se com Moscovo contra os nazis.
Diante de nossos olhos repetem-se os mesmos erros. As elites europeias consideram a República da Síria como um inimigo, seja porque defendem o ponto de vista colonial de Israel, seja porque esperam recolonizar, eles mesmos, o Levante apropriar-se das suas gigantescas reservas de gás ainda inexplorado. Elas apoiaram, pois, a operação secreta norte-americana de «mudança do regime» e fingiram acreditar na fábula da «Primavera Árabe». Após cinco anos de guerra por procuração, constatando que o presidente Bashar el-Assad ainda está lá, embora tivessem mil vezes anunciado a sua demissão, os Europeus decidiram financiar pelo montante de 3 mil milhões de euros anuais o apoio turco anual aos jiadistas. O que, segundo a sua lógica, deveria permitir a sua vitória e, portanto pôr um fim às migrações. Eles não tardarão a perceber [12], mas já muito tarde, que ao abolirem os vistos para os cidadãos turcos, autorizaram a livre-circulação entre os campos da Al-Qaida na Turquia e Bruxelas [13].
A comparação com o final dos anos 30 é tanto mais parecida quando na altura do Acordo de Munique o Reich nazista já havia anexado a Áustria, sem provocar reação notável de outros Estados europeus. Ora, hoje em dia, a Turquia ocupa já o Nordeste de um Estado-Membro da União Europeia, Chipre, e uma faixa de alguns quilómetros de profundidade na Síria, que administra através de um walli (prefeito) nomeado para este efeito. Não apenas a U.E. aceita isso, como pela sua atitude, ela encoraja Ancara a prosseguir as suas anexações com total desprezo pelo Direito internacional. A lógica comum ao chanceler Hitler e ao presidente Erdoğan é baseada na unificação da «raça» e na purificação da população. O primeiro queria unir as populações de «raça alemã» e purificá-las de elementos «estrangeiros» (Judeus e Roma), o segundo quer unir as populações de «raça turca» e purificá-las de elementos «estrangeiros» (os Curdos e Cristãos).
Em 1938, acreditavam na boa fé do chanceler Hitler, hoje em dia na do presidente Erdoğan.
Tradução 

 

The Bible and Soviet Constitution: Stalin’s Reinterpretation of 2 Thessalonians and Acts 4 – by stalinsmoustache

“The 1936 Constitution of the USSR contains two biblical verses:
He who does not work, neither shall he eat.
From each according to his ability, to each according to his work.
 
The first is clear enough, being drawn from 2 Thessalonians 3:10. But the second is a little more obscure, although it comes originally from Acts 4:35. Clearly, the appearance of such texts in the Constitution is not by chance. So how did they end up there?
A hint may be found in the slight obscurity of the origins of the second text, for it is not exactly the same as that of Acts 4:35. That hint suggests a unique exegetical path that winds its way from the Bible, through Lenin and the slogans of the early Bolshevik government in the USSR, to none other than Joseph Stalin. Let me trace that path.
I begin with the text from 2 Thessalonians: ‘He who does not work, neither shall he eat’. Among the Bolsheviks, Lenin was the first to use it. It was 1918, during the famine brought about by the shortage of grain through the disruption to rail transport by the First World War and the White Armies of the Civil War. With the grain shortage came massive speculation by the profiteers – kulaks in the countryside and business owners in the cities. In that context, Lenin addressed a group of workers in Petrograd:
‘He who does not work, neither shall he eat’. ‘He who does not work, neither shall he eat’ – every toiler understands that. Every worker, every poor and even middle peasant, everybody who has suffered need in his lifetime, everybody who has ever lived by his own labour, is in agreement with this. Nine-tenths of the population of Russia are in agreement with this truth. In this simple, elementary and perfectly obvious truth lies the basis of socialism, the indefeasible source of its strength, the indestructible pledge of its final victory (Collected Works, volume 27, pp. 391-2).
As the Civil War raged on and shortages continued, the text from 2 Thessalonians became a major feature of Agitprop. It featured on posters plastered throughout town and country. And it led to the Metropolitan of Moscow, Aleksandr Vvedensky, to observe:
When you say you are for the principle of work, I remind you of the slogan, ‘he who does not work shall not eat.’ I have seen this in a number of different cities on revolutionary posters. I am just upset that there was no reference to the Apostle Paul in his Epistle to the Thessalonians, from where the slogan is taken (Vvedensky in Lunacharsky, Religia i prosveshchenie, 1985, p. 193).
 
So it should be no surprise that Stalin should make much use of this text – with Lenin’s blessing – and that it should appear in the Soviet Constitution of 1936.
What about the second text from the Constitution: ‘From each according to his ability, to each according to his work’.
I suggest that it is a reinterpretation of Acts 4:35 in light of 2 Thessalonians 3:10. This reinterpretation was undertaken by the erstwhile theological scholar and avid student of the Bible, Joseph Stalin. Let us begin with Acts itself:
They laid it at the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to each as any had need.
The context is the brief account of early Christian communism, in which everything was held in common and no-one had private possessions (see also Acts 2). Everyone would put whatever wealth they had into the common property and then it was distributed according to need. I do not wish to go into the long history of the various interpretations of this passage, save to point out that Acts 4:35 eventually became a socialist slogan, ‘from each according to ability, to each according to need’. The influence of Engel’s argument for revolutionary Christianity had an influence here, as did Marx’s use of the slogan.
Yet, the Soviet Constitution of 1936 does not use this version of the slogan. Instead, it has ‘to each according to his work’. The exegetical work of Stalin is responsible. In texts leading up to the constitution (a revision of the one from 1924), Stalin interprets the text in light of what was by then a well-established distinction between socialism and communism. Socialism became the first stage of communism, which would eventually – albeit without a specified time farm – become fully fledged communism. Indeed, after the frenetic and profoundly disrupting drives for industrialisation, collectivisation and socialisation of economic and social life in the late 1920s and 1930s, the government announced that socialism had been achieved in the Soviet Union. But communism was still to come.
So Stalin distinguished between two slogans, one appropriate for socialism and the other for communism. Under socialism, the appropriate slogan was ‘From each according to his ability, to each according to his work’. Under communism, it would be ‘From each according to his ability, to each according to his need’. The first slogan was clearly a combination of the texts from 2 Thessalonians and Acts 4. Not only does one need to work in order to live (targeted at capitalists and the idle rich), but one also works according to ability and is recompensed in light of the work done.
 
But what does this mean in practice? It means people will be paid according to the labour they have provided. It means different pay scales (within reason) in terms of skills, type of labour, and contribution to the overall good of the socialist project. It also means that one should take responsibility for one’s labour and stay in the same job for a while. This is far from the idea of ‘equalitarianism’, under which ‘everybody would get the same pay, an equal quantity of meat and an equal quantity of bread, would wear the same clothes and receive the same goods in the same quantities—such a socialism is unknown to Marxism’ (Stalin, Works, volume 13, p. 120).
Is communism different? In one respect it is, for this is the time when ‘labour has been transformed from a means of subsistence into the prime want of man, into voluntary labour for society’ (p. 121). Yet, communism is like socialism in that it does not fall into the trap of individualist equalitarianism in relation to labour. One provides labour according to ability and is given what one needs. Obviously, the abilities differ, as do the needs – depending on one stage in life, whether one has children or not, whether one is sick or healthy.
Until then, the socialist version of the two biblical texts remained in force:
From each according to his ability, to each according to his work.”

Against Religious Fanaticism, Against the State

4c405febef8f3ce077d5e97dd5479f36

The Charnel-House

 

Against religious fanaticism, 

against the state

Mouvement Communiste and
Kolektivně proti kapitálu on
irrationalism and the caliphate

.
Neither God nor master! [Ni dieu ni maître!]
— Auguste Blanqui
Communism begins from the outset with atheism; but atheism is at first far from being communism; indeed, that atheism is still mostly an abstraction.
— Karl Marx
Whatever were the aims of those responsible for the massacre at Charlie Hebdo, the consequence was to terrorize the whole population. To terrorize so as to prevent understanding, so as to set up even higher artificial barriers between people on the basis of religious belief. Religion has become a veritable arm of political Islam everywhere in the world. In France this is opposed by the religion of state, said to be secular and republican. In presenting itself as the guardian of civil peace, the state calls for national unity around itself. It demands that the population delegates to it the defense of freedom and democracy. It’s a defense which comes at the price of the preventive restriction of individual and collective liberties and an increased repression of all anti-state dissent. For the defenders of “white identity” like the Front Nationale the attack confirmed that “civil war has already started” against an already identified enemy — the Muslims. All Muslims: whether they share the views of the fanatics, whether they fight them or whether they simply silently submit to them. The foreigner, “the other” from here or wherever, is the target for the fanatics on all sides. The despicable attack on Charlie Hebdo plays the game of the state and weakens the only class, the working class, which can concretely fight religious fanaticism where it is rooted, where it seeks searches for its potential soldiers, in working class neighborhoods and in workplaces. This fight is indispensable if we are not to give up the asserting the need for the exploited and oppressed to organize themselves independently against the state, against all states. As for violent political Islam, its objective is to force Muslims to isolate themselves and to serve as cattle to be sacrificed in Syria, or even right here. What matters is to understand this phenomenon so as to be able to fight it without mercy, and without becoming bound hand and foot to the state.

Irrationalism and the caliphate

.
Political Islam has become a global subject of debate and of polarization of civil society into illusory opposed communities. Each one of these illusory communities claims to fight in the name of a certain idea of civilization, only being able to fully express itself in the complete defeat of the other, identified as the enemy because of the faith it professes, including the faith in secularism and the state. In the name of such and such a belief in the supernatural, almost anything can be ignored: the question of the millennia-old oppression of women; the family; international migration; jobs; housing; food, etc.
The deforming and mystifying prism of religion becomes the supposed justification for irrationality, rejection of the reality-principle, and more generally the denial of the humanity to enemies of the faith. This specific mystification of social relations penetrates deeply into the heads of numerous proletarians here, in the advanced capitalist countries, as well as into those of their brothers and sisters on the periphery of the most developed capitalist world.
Because of their incontestable success, these reactionary fideist ideas become a powerful material force adding to those that already shape the surface of the capitalist globe. The extension of fideism in all its forms overturns priorities and redefines capitalist camps in all regions of the planet. But, like every ideology, this long wave of obscurantism is not able to hold back the determinism of matter and the social relations which the ideology claims to replace. Capitalism is not threatened by faith any more than the class societies which preceded it. Fideism is nothing other than a particular ideological expression of class submission.
Fideism is a Catholic theological term, linked to traditionalism. According to it the truth can only be known by tradition, not by reason. All knowledge is founded on a primitive revelation that prolongs and enriches Christian revelation. Only faith, the illuminating intelligence (itself intuitive, thus distinct from reason, which is analytical), makes us know the basis of things, that is to say, spiritual realities. More precisely, fideism excludes the possibility that the truths of faith can consist of rational preambles, resting on proof, including a kernel of rationality which could be absorbed into an autonomous philosophy. In another sense, also theological, fideism makes faith consist of trust in God, not in adhesion to dogmas. In all cases, the term fideism implies a defiance of reason; that’s why it had a pejorative flavor to it. In the same way that rationalism tends to overestimate reason to the point of professing that science is the only source of truth (so rejecting in advance any belief), fideism tends to overestimate faith to the point of professing that revelation is the only guarantee of truth (so discrediting the efforts of all rational activity).[1]
The revolutionary proletariat must first of all fight fideism in itself and treat it as what it is: an instrument of class division which reinforces the dictatorship of capital and states and which is used to recruit the exploited and oppressed into new wars which benefit the dominant classes. In particular, the fideism of the Book (Bible) — but also that of Hinduism along with the vast majority of religious beliefs — is dedicated to God, patriarchy and family. The caliphate, the reactionary fideist ideology which seems to be achieving the greatest success right now, is worthy of our attention particularly as it drapes itself in the colors of anti-capitalism and anti-imperialism and, above all, constitutes a central element of the aggravation of the geostrategic crisis of the Middle East. This is why we’re devoting a specific text to it, composed of four points.

First point

.
The partisans of the caliphate try to establish an order which will be favorable to them in regions where capitalism rules but where it has not (or very little) dissolved the social relations inherited from the class societies which preceded it. Some 10,000 Sunni tribes in Iraq are the clearest example of it. The archaic tribal social structure has survived on the margins of modern capital, feeding itself from oil rent and petty commodity trading, often illegal. The Iraqi Sunni tribe has been transformed by the extension of the domination of capital but the ancestral patriarchal ties have not been broken. The tribe administers its territory. It is a little world closed towards the exterior and the interior, except when it has to accumulate means of survival by clientelism and haggling. Today, a large number of Sunni tribes in Iraq pledge allegiance to the IS.[2] This bloody group guarantees the permanence of the tribal structure. More than that, the self-proclaimed caliphate sanctifies them.
The other face of the present caliphate is represented by people like Mokhtar Belmokthar, known as “one eye,” a Salafist from the beginning who became celebrated from 2013 because of his attack on the refinery at Amenas in Algeria. Also known as “Mister Marlboro,” this sinister character is also at the head of a vast traffic in cigarettes amounting to around a billion US dollars per year in the whole of Saharan Africa. It’s a traffic which has been able to develop thanks to the blood ties with the Tuareg tribes. Smugglers, day-to-day chicken thieves, traders in human beings (prostitution, trafficking of migrants), drug dealers, all these participants in illegal business find in the caliphate a means of consolidating their lucrative activities and a way to develop others, “whitewashed” by adherence to the faith.
IS itself is an important commercial enterprise in Syria and Iraq which trades in oil, women and consumer goods. Its program can be summarized as “who has weapons has bread and women.” This gang presents no danger for capitalism, which can perfectly well accommodate rentiers and traffickers, and, what’s more, creates them. Boko Haram in Nigeria, the Cameroons and Niger, Al-Shabab in Somalia, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in Sahel, Al-Qaida in the Arab peninsula (AQAP) in Yemen and Saudi Arabia, the Talibans in Afghanistan and Pakistan along with Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia — and those are just the best known ones — replicate the same social relations expressed by IS.
These considerations don’t apply to Shi’a Islam, whose centralized internal organization, similar to fascism, has allowed it to adapt to modern capitalism, just like the Catholic Church.

Second point

.
IS was born from the rubble of an Arab nationalism founded on the model of previous popular democracies based on an alliance between a single party (Ba’athist in the cases of Iraq and Syria), the army and a single union. This model aimed at creating modern postcolonial economies, equipped with strong industry, a unified internal market and an effective secular state. This project was smashed from the outside by the progressive collapse of the Russian bloc, and internally by the emergence from the ruins of national liberation of a parasitic ruling caste, corrupt, despotic, and inefficient.
On this basis, the caliphate of IS is in perfect continuity with the Arab regimes which it claims to oppose. Its sources of survival are trade and plunder; its organization is clientelist and stuffed with incompetents. The IS diverges from the Sunni regimes only in terms of geostrategic positioning. And this is from the simple fact that its regime tries to impose itself on the other states of the region, including those for which Sunni fideism is the official religion.
The US has benefited from the fall of the Russian empire and extended its influence over the Arab regimes whose vague desires for capitalist development have been seriously revised over the last few decades. An important new stage was reached by Washington with the active support for the Taliban in the war against Russia in Afghanistan and then with the first Iraq war. These two episodes marked the adoption by the US administration of an aggressive diplomacy in this area, so as to make the US once again into a power to be reckoned with in the Middle East. The Arab Spring gave Washington the opportunity to also occupy a leading role in the whole of North Africa. The attempt has still not produced a conclusive result.
If General Al-Sissi in Egypt destroyed the Muslim Brothers’ organization and followed in the wake of Hosni Mubarak in matters of foreign policy and strategic alliance with Washington, in Libya, the violent removal of Muammar Gaddafi has still not allowed a pax Americana to be installed, nor has that happened in Afghanistan or Iraq.
In their turn, the two regional Middle Eastern powers, Turkey and Iran, have tried, by pursuing very divergent diplomatic approaches, to take advantage of the acceleration of the geostrategic crisis of the region. The first focused on the development of Islamic regimes as an outcome of the “Arab Spring.” For the moment Ankara’s policy has been a failure. Their support, explicit for the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, less open for Palestinian Hamas and publicly denied for IS, has ended up with the growing diplomatic isolation of Turkey. The crushing of the Brothers in Egypt, the military defeat of Hamas in Gaza by Israeli troops and the involvement of the Western powers against IS has pushed back the influence of Turkey in the region and weakened its historic relations with the US and Europe.
As for Iran, the setbacks for the “Arab springs” of Sunni inspiration have put it back in the center of the regional arena. Tehran controls Baghdad, has established solid relations with the government of Iraqi Kurdistan, preserves its Lebanese bastion, supports Bashar al-Assad with increasing efficacy in Syria, where the regime has shown an undeniable capacity for survival, and profits from its fight against IS. All this has the aim of hastening the end of Western sanctions and resolving the nuclear issue.

Third point

.
Outside the geostrategic and diplomatic dimension, the emergence of violent political Islam provides the states of the advanced countries with a formidable weapon of class division, restricting individual and collective freedoms and enlarging the social base which embraces the dominant ideology. Emergency measures increase. Repressing terrorism means that the burden of factual proof becomes less and less needed. What we are seeing is the loss of part of fundamental bourgeois rights like that of expressing opinions by a mere public demonstration.
The specter of the IS cut-throats terrorizes whole sections of the population in the western capitalist citadels. Here, important sectors of the proletariat embrace identity-based ideologies of defense of religion, family and country. Reactionary “white” organizations like the National Front in France, the Northern League in Italy, UKIP in the UK and the NPD in Germany take advantage of this fear. Often, they attract the votes of the desperate poor during elections. They fuse together, willy-nilly, anger against impoverishment and growing insecurity, the rejection by males of the undermining of patriarchy, and fear of immigrants and young hooligans from council estates, under their banner of defense of “tradition,” of the “good old days,” of God, Family and Nation. Paradoxically, they can happily criticize the positions of Islam towards women, all the better to make people forget their own patriarchal oppression of women. And this is not the only confusion within their ideology. In the Czech Republic neo-Nazis demonstrated against Syrian victims of IS (including their sick children) being given refuge.
Populations identified as Muslim in the advanced capitalist countries become the target of all kinds of accusations. Frozen in their own mystified representation as “community of believers” (Umma), they are ceaselessly told to condemn political Islam. A small minority of Muslims chose to take up the image which states stick on them by supporting a caliphate.
In France, their first step towards the caliphate is without doubt anti-Semitism. An anti-Semitism which spreads dangerously and finds fertile soil in the extreme left, who mix up the just condemnation of the conditions of the Palestinian ruled classes under Israeli colonization with support for the so-called “resistance” of the anti-Semites in Hamas, who exercise a dictatorial power of a rare brutality in Gaza and who are in power in all the Occupied Territories thanks to their governmental alliance with the PLO. In France, anti-Semitic attacks make up half of all racist attacks, targeting a population of Jewish origin which is only 1% of the total population. This “Sunni” anti-Semitism finds a favorable echo in the kind propagated by small groups of the “white” far right, as well as the Iranian variety represented by [Alain] Soral and Dieudonné [M’bala M’bala].
Muslims coming from the developed countries who rally to the caliphate don’t have the same motivations as those who live in the peripheral countries. The only thing they have in common is the desire to consecrate the submission of women. Western fighters for the caliphate don’t have a homogenous class origin. It’s more a question of isolated young men, not very informed, without any definite social roots, rejecting proletarianization, refusing the way of life of their parents and not hiding their hostility towards women who have chosen to be independent from men (“sluts”). The promise of a heroic life going beyond isolation and urban and suburban solitude through a brotherhood of war that also sanctifies the dominant role of men in line with the religious precepts of Islam are the two principal arguments in favor of the hijra [migration to a Muslim country] to fight the infidel.
The sacralization of the oppression of women and the family is an essential pillar of the caliphate. Even the most impoverished men find in it the possibility of exercising an absolute power over their spouses. The pious woman who submits in body and soul to her husband gets in exchange the protection of the religion from other males. The walled-up domestic slave, rejecting her own self from the fact of her inaccessibility, the woman nevertheless becomes in the caliphate the object of the most abusive fantasies on the part of the men. The fight for respect of individuals united in a society which has become fully human can only come about by means of the struggle for the liberation of women from the family and male domination. The true significance of the strategic alliance between the revolutionary working class and women’s liberation movements becomes apparent in the countries where fideist ideology can be found.

Fourth point

.
The rise of the caliphate has enormously revived the fervor of the anti-Muslim fideists. The priests of the other faiths largely benefit from it. But they also share what is essential with the caliphate: the cult of the irrational and inexplicable, the mystique of the faith and the mortification of the flesh and the spirit. This is why the fight to the death against religion and for the defense of materialism cannot be limited to political Islam.
To those who are in the front line of the war against the bloodthirsty madmen of IS, to those Kurdish and Syrian fighting men and women in Kobanê and elsewhere who love freedom, our message is this: their will and their sacrifice resounds as a universal call to revolt. Yet this message remains incomplete and today is pressed into the service of geopolitical competition between various capitalist powers. Mass resistance against IS in Kobanê is today ruled by Kurdish nationalist political factions from Turkey and Iraq. They exploit it either to establish (in the case of PKK) or to strengthen (in the case of KDP) their own bourgeois dictatorship, and we must have no illusions about this.
That’s why the mortal struggle engaged by volunteers in Kobanê against the caliphate is not aimed at the division of societies into classes that is at the origin of this modern form of barbarism that is the present caliphate and, more generally, of all religious mystification. As Marx explained:
Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness.
To call on them to give up their illusions about their condition is to call on them to give up a condition that requires illusions. The criticism of religion is, therefore, in embryo, the criticism of that vale of tears of which religion is the halo.
— Karl Marx, Contribution to the Critique of
Hegel’s Philosophy of Right
 (1843)
To overcome this essential limit, it is more than ever necessary to develop the political autonomy of the proletariat to put an end to the oppression and exploitation of man by man.

Notes


[1] Henry Duméry, Encyclopaedia Universalis.
[2] Islamic State group, also known as ISIS, ISIL and by the Arabic abbreviation Da’esh.
Popaganda

Pop culture is soft-power

ML-Theory

A Marxist-Leninist Blog

John Riddell

MARXIST ESSAYS AND COMMENTARY

The Espresso Stalinist

Wake Up to the Smell of Class Struggle ☭

Viajar na História

Ontem, Hoje, Amanhã

Irresistível Mistura por Daiane Lopes

Receitas criativas, temperos e amor pela cozinha. A mistura irresistível do nosso dia-a-dia.

Philosophers for Change

Ideas for a new age

STALIN'S MOUSTACHE

Roland Boer's Blog: Marxism, Philosophy, Religion, Politics, whatever ...

communists in situ

leberwurst proletariat

Proletarian Center for Research, Education and Culture

...in the new exuberant aggressiveness of world capitalism we see what communists and their allies held at bay. - Richard Levins

Les Orwelliens

Collectif de journalistes souverainistes présidé par Natacha Polony

paixãoporlisboa

Espaço dedicado a memórias desta cidade

VITALIVROS

Livros Raros & Curiosos

Sabores com História

São os Sabores que nos Definem. Fazem parte da nossa Herança familiar e cultural. Contam muito de Nós, e dos Outros. São, a par de Outros, dos melhores Contadores de Histórias que conheço. Até já.

Confrariamor

Dos Eventos à história das Confrarias... gastronómicas e báquicas, passando pelos produtos endógenos e as iniciativas que acentuam o que é diferente, único, genuíno, tradicional e que importa preservar e defender, num mundo global.

Fotoclube f/508

www.fotoclubef508.com

Oscar en Fotos

Reflexiones e ideas en torno a la fotografía

%d bloggers like this: